Distribution of 222Rn in Groundwater and Estimation of Resulting Radiation Dose to Different Age Groups: A Case Study from Bangalore City

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Ravikumar, P. and Somashekar, R.K. (2018) Distribution of 222Rn in Groundwater and Estimation of Resulting Radiation Dose to Different Age Groups: A Case Study from Bangalore City. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 24 (1). pp. 174-185. ISSN 1549-7860

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2017.1373251

Abstract

Ingesting waters holding high levels of natural occurring radioactive element like Radon would contribute to increase in the effective dose received by people followed by an increased prevalence of cancer. The current study is an attempt to describe the extent of contribution of 222Rn to natural background radiation and the resultant effective dose to public of different age groups. In order to do so, 65 groundwater samples from selected parts of Bangalore city were collected and analyzed for radon activity using RAD7 radon monitor coupled with RAD H2O accessories. The radon activity was in the range of 3.05–696 Bq/L (mean: 91.39 Bq/L) and 92.31% of the groundwater samples recorded elevated radon concentration above the United States environmental protection agency (USEPA's) Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) value of 300 pCi/L, corresponding to 11.1 Bq/L. The mean annual effective dose contribution of people falling under different age groups (viz., infants, children, teens: males and females, adults: males and females, pregnant and lactating women) due to ingestion of water-borne 222Rn ranged from 0.082 to 0.444 mSv/y and was found to be higher in all the age groups of males compared to respective female age groups, but well within the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) and World Health Organization (WHO) proposed limit of 1 mSv/y.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Age Groups; Pregnant; Lactation; Dose Conversion Factor (DCF); Unscear
Subjects: Faculty of Science > Environmental and Biological Sciences
Divisions: Jnana Bharathi / Central College Campus > Department of Environmental Science
Depositing User: Venkatesh C C
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2019 07:27
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2019 07:27
URI: http://eprints-bangaloreuniversity.in/id/eprint/8896

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