Metamorphism and Isotopic Evolution of Granulites of Southern India: Reference to Neoproterozoic Crustal Evolution


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Mohan, A. and Jayananda, M. (1999) Metamorphism and Isotopic Evolution of Granulites of Southern India: Reference to Neoproterozoic Crustal Evolution. Gondwana Research, 2 (2). pp. 251-262. ISSN 1342937X

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Granulites are important component of high-grade metamorphic rocks reflecting intense conditions observed for crustal rocks in terms of temperature and pressure. This review paper demonstrates how these high-grade granulites are critical to understanding the evolution of the lower continental crust with special reference to southern India. Geothermobarometric traverse across different granulite blocks in southern India shows wide ranging P-T conditions of metamorphism (700-1000°C and 5-10 kbar). The sapphirine-, orthopyroxene-sillimanite and spinel -bearing quartz-deficient granulites recognised from parts of southern granulite terrain (Ganguvarpatti, Kiranur and Palani hill ranges etc.) show oriented sillimanite aggregates pseudomorph after course twinned kyanite, staurolite + kyanite assemblages and corroded blebs of gedrite within orthopyroxene, suggesting a prograde stage of a clockwise P-T evolution. Evidence of ITD history comes from the textures in which an early Mg-rich garnet (X Mg-52-60) with orthopyroxene (up to 10 Al 2O 3) involving sillimanite breakdown forming variety of symplectites having combinations of orthopyroxene, sapphirine, cordierite and spinel. These spectacular reaction textures and mineralogic sensors from the high-grade rocks establish a prograde clockwise P-T-t path with notable decompressive history (ITD) in the southern granulite terrain. The inferred P-T-t paths have been further integrated with the recent geochronological and isotopic data to constrain the timing and duration of metamorphism, emplacement of the magmatic protolith for characterising the evolution of the granulites, and their bearing on the geodynamic implications. Based on the emerging evidence for Neoproterozoic tectonothermal imprints in the southern granulite terrain, history of the assembly of dispersed fragments is also addressed within the East Gondwana framework.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 12
Subjects: Faculty of Science > Earth Sciences > Geology
Divisions: Jnana Bharathi / Central College Campus > Department of Geology
Depositing User: Mr. Kirana Kumar D
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2016 07:09
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2016 07:26

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