Dolichandrone platycalyx: New entomophilous pollen-A report on pollen sensitization in allergic individuals


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Mridula, P.A. and Mahesh, P.A. and Abraham, J.N. and Amrutha, D.H. and Agashe, S.N. and Sitesh, R. and Vedanthan, P.K. (2011) Dolichandrone platycalyx: New entomophilous pollen-A report on pollen sensitization in allergic individuals. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, 25 (1). E34-E38. ISSN 1945-8924


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Background: Dolichandrone platycalyx, commonly known as Nile trumpet tree, is believed to have originated in East Africa. However, this and the variants of this tree are found in Europe, Asia, and America (California and Florida). The tree mostly grows in tropical climates, but temperate species are also found. This study was designed to evaluate the allergenicity of D. platycalyx, one of the most common entomophilous avenue trees in Karnataka state, and to determine the pollen production of D. platycalyx. Methods: All of the patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma attending a tertiary care center in South India during August 2007 to March 2008 underwent a detailed clinical evaluation and skin-prick testing to common allergens along with D. platycalyx. Control subjects without any symptoms of respiratory allergy also underwent skin testing. The pollen counts were determined for a mature unopened flower of D. platycalyx. Results: A total of 317 subjects with respiratory allergy and 30 controls were included in the study. A significant percentage (16.1%) of patients evaluated were observed to be sensitive to Dolichandrone pollen extract by skin-prick testing, whereas none of the control subjects were found to be sensitized. D. platycalyx was the fourth most common sensitizer after Parthenium hysterophorus, Prosopis juliflora, and Artemesia vulgaris. D. platycalyx was found to be a moderate pollen producer at 66,000 pollens/flower. Conclusion: Sensitization to D. platycalyx is common in subjects with respiratory allergies. The clinical relevance of this sensitization and other entomophilous plants needs additional study. (Am J Rhinol Allergy 25, e34-e38, 2011; doi: 10.2500/ajra.2011.25.3579)

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Faculty of Science > Environmental and Biological Sciences > Botany
Divisions: Jnana Bharathi / Central College Campus > Department of Botany
Depositing User: Mr. Lokeshareddy Y C
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 06:54
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 06:54

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