Isolation and identification of endophytic fungi from Urginea indica, a medicinal plant from diverse regions of south India.

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Shiva Kameshwari, M.N. and Mohana, B. and Thara Saraswathi, K.J. (2015) Isolation and identification of endophytic fungi from Urginea indica, a medicinal plant from diverse regions of south India. International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology, 4 (1). pp. 75-80. ISSN 2278-5299

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Abstract

Endophytic fungi isolated from four different populations of Urginea indica are reported in the present report,. The plants were collected from 4 dif erent localities which includes Seethampundi (Tamil Nadu), Yediyur (Karnataka), Allepy (Kerala) and Udupi (Karnataka). It is an important medicinal plant found distributed in India, Africa and Mediterrean regions and widely used for the treatment of Edema, Dropsy, Gout, Rheumatic pain, in treating cancer and as cardiac stimulant. Plant portions viz, pseudostem, outer sheat, inner leaf sheath and root parts were inoculated on potato dextrose agar medium amended with chloromphenicol. The presence of 12 endophytic fungi belonging to Hyphomycetes and Coelomycetes were identified from U. indica by means of morphological and cultural features. Sterile forms were common to the host. A total of 6 fungal species viz. Acremonium, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium, Curvularia lunata, C. brachyspora, Penicillium species belonging to the class hypomycetes were identified. Collectotricum fulcatum, C.gleosporioides, Phoma spp, Lasidiploidea theobromae, Physilosticta belonging to the class coelomycetes and some sterile forms were recorded. The present study provided a clue that the existence of endophytic fungi in U. indica and it can be of great importance if further studies conducted on to elucidate their role in the host plant and for bio-prospecting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Urginea indica , endophytic fungi, Hyphomycetes, Coelomycetes
Subjects: Faculty of Science > Environmental and Biological Sciences > Botany
Divisions: Jnana Bharathi / Central College Campus > Department of Botany
Depositing User: Ms. Sathyavathi N
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2016 09:19
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2016 09:19
URI: http://eprints-bangaloreuniversity.in/id/eprint/6129

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