Use of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (VAM) as Biofertilizer for Horticultural Plants in Developing Countries

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Sullia, S.B. (1991) Use of Vesicular - Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (VAM) as Biofertilizer for Horticultural Plants in Developing Countries. In: Horticulture — New Technologies and Applications Book Subtitle. Springer, Netherlands, pp. 49-53. ISBN 978-94-011-3176-6

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3176-6_8

Abstract

Mycorrhiza is the product of an association between a fungus and plant root. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza (VAM) is formed by the symbiotic association between certain phycomycetous fungi and angiosperm roots. The fungus colonizes the root cortex forming a mycelial network and characteristic vesicles (bladder-like structures) and arbuscules (branched finger-like hyphae). The mycelia are aseptate or septate ramifying intercellularly thus causing little damage to tissues. The arbuscules are the most characteristic structures, formed intracellularly and probably having an absorptive function. The vesicles are terminal swellings of hyphae formed inter and intracellularly having a storage function. There are six genera of fungi belonging to Endogonaceae which have been shown to form mycorrhizal associations: Glomus, Gigaspora, Acaulospora, Entrophospora Sclerocystis and Scutellospora. These are mainly identified by their characteristic spores and sporocarps which are formed mostly in the soil surrounding the roots and rarely inside the roots. The identification of VAM fungi directly from roots has been difficult. One of the striking features of VAM fungi is their very wide host range which includes angiosperm species belonging to almost all the families. Even the roots of some aquatic plants are colonized by VAM fungi.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Faculty of Science > Environmental and Biological Sciences > Botany
Divisions: Jnana Bharathi / Central College Campus > Department of Botany
Depositing User: Mr . Chandrashekar
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2016 06:06
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 06:06
URI: http://eprints-bangaloreuniversity.in/id/eprint/5887

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