Self-actualization from an Eastern Perspective—A Preliminary Exploration


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Jyothsna Kamath Burde, . and Ashok Honnedevasthana Shama Rao, . (2011) Self-actualization from an Eastern Perspective—A Preliminary Exploration. Psychological Studies, 56 (4). pp. 373-377. ISSN 0974-9861

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Growth of the branches of humanistic and positive psychology has brought in a paradigm shift in the understanding of human nature and behavior from the reductionistic and mechanistic perspectives. Emphasis on the study of the self necessitates greater use of a qualitative subjective methodological framework. In this respect, the current Western approach falls short in front of the Eastern philosophy, which has an array of such procedures and methodologies, which practitioners of humanistic and positive psychology are now exploring. The Indian systems of thought elaborate on the means to realizing or knowing the true nature of the self within, through the multi-faceted and individualized process of Yoga. Alternative systems of Yoga are provided that could be practiced by individuals based on their subjective preferences and suitability. The major alternatives that have been identified are Bhakti, Jnana, Karma and Raja Yoga. In this context, the present study is a pilot attempt to explore self-actualization among practitioners of two paths of Yoga i.e. Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga. The opinions and beliefs of the practitioners on variables related to the self and its actualization, as also their world-views are explored. Implications on personality, distinguishing characteristics and the functioning of self are proposed, to enable an individual to adopt a suitable path.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-actualizationYogaBhakti YogaJnana Yoga
Subjects: Faculty of Science > Applied Sciences > Psychology
Divisions: Jnana Bharathi / Central College Campus > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Ms. Deepa M Kolli
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2016 09:17
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2016 09:17

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